There are signs that wage growth is picking up, which will further fuel expectations of an interest rate rise by the Reserve Bank of Australia this year.
Internal Commonwealth Bank data, that captures salaries being paid into its accounts, indicates wages growth has accelerated in the early part of 2022.
“We forecast annual wages growth to be around three per cent by the middle of the year,” Ryan Felsman, senior economist at Commonwealth Securities and part of the CBA group, said.
Annual wages growth stood at just 2.2 per cent as of the September quarter. December quarter data is due on February 24.
A pick-up in wages growth is seen by the RBA as a crucial component before it raises the cash rate from a record low 0.1 per cent.
Rising expectations for wages growth came as the National Skills Commission said online job advertisements jumped 4.4 per cent in February to 259,000 positions, the highest level since September 2008.
The commission said the level of recruitment activity remains significantly elevated compared to pre-COVID levels, up 54 per cent.
Such demand backs the RBA’s call that the unemployment rate will fall below four per cent for the first time in 50 years in 2022, compared to its current level of 4.2 per cent – a 13-year low.
Still, such a positive outlook has failed to lift the mood of consumers.
The latest Westpac-Melbourne Institute consumer sentiment index fell by 1.3 per cent to 100.8 in February, with optimists keeping only just ahead of pessimists.
“Given that the health disruptions from the Omicron variant have eased and the labour market has strengthened it is surprising that we did not see some improvement in the index in February,” Mr Evans said.
However, the survey found two-thirds of Australians now expect an increase in their mortgage rate over the next 12 months, with one-in-four believing rates could increase by more than one percentage point.
Mr Evans said this is the most pessimistic consumers have been about the interest rate outlook since August 2011, although on that occasion rate hikes failed to materialise.
The RBA has not increased the cash rate since November 2010.
The survey comes after the RBA ditched its bond buying program at its monthly board meeting and a major speech by governor Philip Lowe where he said a rate hike was “plausible” this year.
“Those surveyed after the RBA decision and the governor’s speech mid-week were even more disposed to expect rate rises,” Mr Evans said.
Westpac does not expect the first rate rise by the RBA until August.
Digital credit reporting agency CreditorWatch believes an interest rate rise would add to the pressures already facing small businesses after a tough start to the year due to the Omicron variant.
The latest results of its monthly business risk index paint a grim picture and suggest the Australian economy has some way to go before it shakes off the pandemic.
“Pressure is mounting for interest rates to rise,” CreditorWatch CEO Patrick Coghlan says.
“If that happens, it will be another hit to small businesses. CreditorWatch is expecting business insolvencies to grow steadily this year, even if the RBA doesn’t hike interest rates.”
Business court actions jumped by 58 per cent over the three months to January when compared to the same period in 2021, a signal that insolvencies will steadily increase over 2022.
CreditorWatch said this is an indication that large creditors such as banks and the Australian Taxation Office have resumed their regular collection activities, after showing leniency during the height of the pandemic.
Colin Brinsden, AAP Economics and Business Correspondent
(Australian Associated Press)